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Violation of Kowloon Mosque by Police (part 1 of 2) 警方侵擾九龍清真寺(第1部分,共2部分)

Updated: Oct 24, 2020

(Please scroll down for Chinese translation 繁体中文请往下滑).



Background on Hong Kong ethnic minorities


Anyone who has lived in Hong Kong (HK) for a few years knows that everything in HK is based on discrimination - mostly by the Chinese elites who are controlling the Chinese majority.


Minorities have rights under the UN "Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities." Most of these rights are not provided for HK ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities.


Why doesn't the British Common Law and "independent" Judicial system provide equity and Justice for Hong Kong minorities?


In democratic Europe, the drive for social integration rests on two clear principles: one, to provide immigrant and minority groups with economic opportunities; and, two, to preserve cultural and linguistic diversity. To this end, many European governments allow minority children to be educated in their own language, on top of learning the dominant one.


In HK, by contrast, the debate on how to integrate ethnic minorities into society has largely focused on the learning of Cantonese language skills. While it is important to develop Cantonese competency, the debate misses a few critical issues. First and foremost, it is important to recognize the human rights of minority groups to choose a medium of instruction and to preserve their heritage languages.


Under current HK legislation minorities children are "legally" being assimilated by the HK Government funded local education system. Minorities children have UN human rights as minorities to learn and use their mother language. These rights are prohibited in HK for minorities children under “Race Discrimination Ordinance” (RDO) Article 26.2. Since 1998, despite repeated UN recommendations, the current local schools' Chinese language curriculum assumes all students' mother tongue to be Chinese and the learning of other subjects also depends on a student's Chinese language ability - this is direct discrimination in HK education against minorities children.


In violation of ICCPR the HK Government, the Police, Chinese language media and some HK Chinese politicians publicly and in the media blame ethnic minorities - especially the South East Asian communities - for the ills of HK society, including crimes.


The result of HK's inadequate UN obligations legislation, policy and practices is that all minorities community members face serious racial, language, religious and other forms of discrimination in all aspects of living and working in Hong Kong. This is clearly unacceptable.


The entire International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) applies in HK because HK has signed and ratified the ICCPR. HK ICCPR legislation, the Hong Kong Bill of Rights Ordinance (HKBORO) is missing two Articles:

  1. Article 1 "All peoples have the right of self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development."

  2. Article 20 (bold text added) "1. Any propaganda for war shall be prohibited by law; 2. Any advocacy of national, racial or religious hatred that constitutes incitement to discrimination, hostility or violence shall be prohibited by law."


Despite not providing appropriate legislation, policies and practices HK must still comply with ICCPR. Still, despite repeated UN Committee recommendations, the HK Government has not implemented comprehensive anti-discrimination legislation nor an independent third party Human Rights Monitor. There are numerous examples of HK's violations of its UN obligations.


Under current HK legislation minorities are "legally" being discriminated against by the HK Police! The only current HK anti-race discrimination legislation is the “Race Discrimination Ordinance” (RDO) which significantly does NOT include racial discrimination by HKSAR Government employed Police Officers. This is because the Court did not find that under RDO the Police provides a “service.” This was highlighted in a 2016 HK Court action against the Police by Mr. Arjun Singh, a HK Permanent Resident. This highlights a key weakness in the RDO, as it is the only Ordinance amongst the four HKSAR anti-Discrimination Ordinances that does NOT mention that it is unlawful for the Government employed Police to discriminate against persons on the grounds of race in the performance of its functions or the exercising of its powers.


A poverty study* in 2001 and in 2011 showed that while HK Chinese communities REDUCED poverty overall the poverty rates significantly INCREASED in ethnic minority communities. The worst affected is the Muslim Pakistani community with poverty rate of 49.1% in 2001 and 59.6% in 2011. The poverty rate for HK Chinese is 15.2%.

Veby M.I.


*HKIEd “Research on Poverty of Ethnic Minority Children in Hong Kong”, December 2015


Please click here to read Violation of Kowloon Mosque by Police (part 2 of 2).



警方侵擾九龍清真寺(第1部分,共2部分)


香港少數民族的背景


在香港生活了幾年的任何人都知道,香港的一切都是基於歧視的-主要是來自由控制多數中國人的中國精英。


少數群體享有聯合國關於在民族或族裔,宗教和語言上屬於少數群體的人的權利宣言所賦予的權利。這些權利中的大多數並未提供給香港的種族,宗教和語言少數群體。


英國普通法和“獨立”司法制度為什麼不為香港少數群體提供公平和正義?


在民主的歐洲,社會融合的動力取決於兩個明確的原則:一是為移民和少數群體提供經濟機會;第二,維護文化和語言多樣性。為此,許多歐洲政府允許在兒童學習該國主要語言的基礎上,以自己的語言對少數民族兒童進行教育。


相比之下,在香港,關於如何使少數民族融入社會的爭論主要集中在學習廣東話技能上。雖然發展粵語能力很重要,但此辯論遺漏了一些關鍵問題。首先,最重要的是要認識到少數群體以選擇教學語言並保留其傳統語言的人權。


根據現行的香港立法,少數民族由香港政府資助的本地教育系統“合法地”吸收。少數民族兒童作為少數群體擁有學習和使用其母語的聯合國人權。根據「種族歧視條例」(RDO)第26.2條,在香港,少數民族兒童禁止享有這些權利。自1998年以來,儘管聯合國一再提出建議,目前的當地學校中文課程仍假定所有學生的母語均為中文,而其他科目的學習也取決於學生的中文能力-這是香港教育中對少數民族兒童的直接歧視。


違反「公民權利和政治權利國際公約」的行為,香港政府,警察,中文媒體和一些香港華人政治家公開地和在媒體中將少數群體尤其是東南亞社區歸咎於香港社會的弊病,包括犯罪。


香港缺乏足夠的聯合國義務立法,政策和做法,導致所有少數民族社區成員在香港的生活和工作的各個方面都面臨嚴重的種族,語言,宗教和其他形式的歧視。這顯然是不可接受的。


整個「公民權利和政治權利國際公約」(ICCPR)在香港適用,因為香港已經簽署並批准了該公約。香港「公民權利和政治權利國際公約」立法,「香港人權法案條例」缺少兩項條款:

  1. 第一條“所有人民都有自決權。憑藉這項權利,他們可以自由地確定其政治地位,並自由地追求其經濟,社會和文化發展。”

  2. 第二十條(加粗體):“ 1.法律禁止任何戰爭宣傳; 2.禁止煽動歧視,敵對或暴力的任何煽動民族,種族或宗教仇恨的行為。


儘管未提供適當的立法,香港的政策和慣例仍必須遵守「公民權利和政治權利國際公約」。儘管聯合國委員會一再提出建議,香港政府仍未實施全面的反歧視立法,也未實施獨立的第三方人權監測。香港違反聯合國義務的例子很多。


根據現行的香港法例,少數人會受到香港警察的“合法”歧視!香港目前唯一的反種族歧視立法是「種族歧視條例」,其中不包括香港特區政府僱用的警務人員的種族歧視。這是因為法院沒有發現RDO規定警察提供了“服務”。香港永久居民Arjun Singh先生在2016年香港法院針對警察的訴訟中強調了這一點。這突顯了「區域歧視條例」的一個主要弱點,因為它是香港特別行政區四項「反歧視條例」中唯一沒有提及政府僱用的警察以種族為由歧視人來執行其功能或權力的行為是非法的。


2001年和2011年的貧困研究*顯示,儘管香港華人社區總體上減少了貧困,但少數民族社區的貧困率顯著提高。受災最嚴重的是巴基斯坦的穆斯林社區,2001年的貧困率是49.1%,2011年的貧困率是59.6%。香港華人的貧困率是15.2%。


Veby M.I.


*HKIEd “Research on Poverty of Ethnic Minority Children in Hong Kong”, December 2015



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