• wethepeopleofhk

The most powerful structure is "Pluralistic" People Power! 最強大的結構是“多元化”人民力量!

Updated: Apr 19, 2020

(Please scroll down for Chinese translation 繁体中文请往下滑).

Fundamental to "civil resistance" is how people view power in their societies.

Every civil resistance movement in history is based on people no longer giving their "consent" to a Monolithic power structure.

Political concepts & theory suggests there are primarily two different power structures being "Monolithic" or "Pluralistic."

The "Monolithic" power structure:

  • The Ruler & Elites make all the decisions & are at the top of command

  • The Ruler & Elites depend on the obedience & goodwill of the masses of people to remain in power

  • The Ruler & Elites view their power as being durable, self-perpetuating & not easily destroyed

  • Weakens the masses of people - making the masses of people easier to "control." This is a form of "structural violence" in which peoples' UN Human Rights are violated

  • It is a "consent" based structure of power - if the masses of people do not give their "consent" the Ruler & Elites can not rule!

  • If masses of people do not obey then the Monolithic structure collapses!

  • Monolithic structures are weaker than Pluralistic structures

  • Today most power structures are Monolithic

The "Pluralistic" power structure:

  • The masses of people make all decisions

  • Depends on the goodwill of the masses of people

  • Power is "dispersed" throughout society - in which different groups in different situations will exert their power within the masses of people

  • The masses of people view their power as being "fragile" and "fluid" relying upon the cooperation of a multitude of institutions & individuals

Most people's misunderstandings of "civil resistance" stems from:

  • Media coverage that is primarily controlled by ruling Elites vs. the masses of people on the streets (this dynamic is changing with mass media & internet)

  • History that focuses on violent conflict & wars - leaving people to believe that armed struggle is the only way to fight oppression!

The fastest & most effective way to make civil changes is by non-violent civil resistance!

(Summary of videos by International Center on Nonviolent Conflict).

Veby M.I.






- 統治者和精英們做出所有決定並處於指揮的頂峰

- 統治者和精英們依靠群眾的服從和善意繼續掌權

- 統治者和精英們認為他們的力量是持久的,自我延續的並且不容易被破壞的

- 削弱群眾 - 使人民群眾更容易“控制”。這是一種“結構性暴力”形式,因爲聯合國人權受到侵犯

- 這是一種基於“同意”的權力結構 - 如果群眾不給予“同意”,統治者和精英就無法統治!

- 如果群衆不遵守,那麼“單片”結構就會垮塌!

- 單片結構比多元結構薄弱

- 今天大多數權力結構都是單片的


- 群衆做出所有決定

- 取決於廣大群衆的友好

- 權力在整個社會中“分散” - 不同情況下的不同群體將在群眾中發揮作用

- 群衆認為他們的權力是“脆弱的”和“流動的”,依賴於眾多機構和個人的合作


- 媒體報導主要是通過統治精英與街頭人群(這種動態正在隨著大眾媒體和互聯網而變化)

- 歷史專注於暴力衝突和戰爭 - 讓人們相信武裝鬥爭是打擊壓迫的唯一途徑!


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