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China's UN ambassador Peng Chun Chang 張彭春 was a key drafter of UNDHR


We need to find the links for humanity to have sustainability, stability and prosperity - it appears that P.C. Chang found common ground in drafting the UNDHR. The UN is sometimes wrongly accused of pushing liberal democratic North American and European views on the rest of the world. The Drafters of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.


The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UNDHR) is the world's most important document on human rights.


This is about the truth of the universality pedigree of the UNDHR - something that the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) prefers that the world does not know.


CCP is a virus! Under CCP the people of China will never enjoy human rights - the people of China need to reject CCP and embrace the UNDHR.


The fact that a principal author of this key UN human rights document was a Chinese literary scholar must not go unnoticed - even if he represented the Republic of China (ROC) at the United Nations - UDHR includes within it key aspects of Chinese philosophy, culture and heritage.



Peng Chun Chang, commonly known as P. C. Chang (simplified Chinese: 张彭春; traditional Chinese: 張彭春; pinyin: Zhāng Péngchūn; 1892–1957), was a Chinese academic, philosopher, playwright, human rights activist, and diplomat. He was born in Tianjin, China, and died at his home in Nutley, New Jersey.


Chang has been described as a renaissance man. He was a playwright, musician, diplomat; a lover of traditional Chinese literature and music and someone who knew both Western and Islamic culture.


His philosophy was strongly based on the teachings of Confucius. At the first meeting of United Nations Economic and Social Council he quoted Mencius stating that ECOSOC's highest aim should be to "subdue people with goodness." He also argued that many influential western thinkers on rights were guided by Chinese ideas." In the 18th century, when progressive ideas with respect to human rights had been first put forward in Europe, translations of Chinese philosophers had been known to, and had inspired, such thinkers as Voltaire, Quesnay and Diderot in their humanistic revolt against feudalism," he told the UN General Assembly in 1948.


On the Universal Declaration of Human Rights drafting committee, he served both as an effective Asian delegate and also as a mediator when the negotiations reached a stalemate. He served as Vice-Chairman of the original UN Commission on Human Rights and Republic of China delegate to committee and played a pivotal role in its drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) of 1948.


He and fellow delegate Charles Malik, the Lebanese philosopher-diplomat, shared ideals of universal human rights, but heatedly debated what they were and how they could be described in an international document. Another member of the committee confided to his diary that Zhang and Malik "hate each other." Yet by most accounts, Chang and Malik were the philosophical leaders of the deliberations. Chang argued that the modern world should pay heed to Chinese philosophers such as Mencius not because they were Chinese, but because their ideas had universal validity.



"P. C. Chang and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights"

Hans Ingvar Roth


The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is one of the world's best-known and most translated documents.


When it was presented to the United Nations General Assembly in December in 1948, Eleanor Roosevelt, chair of the writing group, called it a new "Magna Carta for all mankind." The passage of time has shown Roosevelt to have been largely correct in her prediction as to the declaration's importance.


No other document in the world today can claim a comparable standing in the international community.


Roosevelt and French legal expert René Cassin have often been represented as the principal authors of the declaration. But in fact, it resulted from a collaborative effort involving a number of individuals in different capacities.


One of the declaration's most important authors was the vice chairman of the Human Rights Commission, Peng Chun Chang (1892-1957), a Chinese diplomat and philosopher whose contribution has been the focus of growing attention in recent years.


Indeed, it is Chang who deserves the credit for the universality and religious ecumenism that are now regarded as the declaration's defining features. Despite this, Chang's extraordinary contribution has been overlooked by historians.


Peng Chun Chang was a modern-day Renaissance man—teacher, scholar, university chancellor, playwright, diplomat, and politician. A true cosmopolitan, he was deeply involved in the cultural exchange between East and West, and the dramatic events of his life left a profound mark on his intellectual and political work. P. C. Chang and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is the first biography of this extraordinary actor on the world stage, who belonged to the same generation as Mao Zedong and Chiang Kai-shek. Drawing on previously unknown sources, it casts new light on Chang's multifaceted life and involvement with one of modern history's most important documents.